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  jata  Malaysia's Free Trade Agreements

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ASEAN - Hong Kong, China



  • ASEAN agreed to pursue a free trade agreement (FTA) with Hong Kong, China (HKC) at the 19th ASEAN Economic Ministers’ (AEM) Retreat held on 8 March 2013 in Hanoi, Viet Nam.

  • The ASEAN-Hong Kong, China Free Trade Agreement (AHKFTA) negotiations commenced in July 2014.



  • Due to HKC’s unique economic status, both Parties agreed for a stand-alone ASEAN-Hong Kong, China Investment Agreement (AHKIA) to be negotiated in parallel with the main AHKFTA Agreement.

  • The main AHKFTA Agreement covers the following elements:

    • Trade in Goods (TIG);

    • Rules of Origin (ROO);

    • Customs Procedures and Trade Facilitation (CPTF);

    • Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS);

    • Standards, Trade Regulations and Conformity Assessment Procedures (STRACAP);

    • Trade Remedies;

    • Trade in Services (TIS);

    • Economic and Technical Cooperation (ECOTECH);

    • Intellectual Property Rights (IPR);

    • General Provisions and Exceptions;

    • Institutional Provisions;

    • Consultations and Dispute Settlement; and

    • Final Provisions.



  • To date, the ASEAN-Hong Kong, China Trade Negotiation Committee (AHKTNC) has met nine times, most recently from 15-18 December 2016 in HKC. 

  • Both Parties have agreed to target the substantive conclusion of AHKFTA and AHKIA negotiations at the 2nd AEM-HKC Consultations in September 2017 and for both Agreements to be signed at the sidelines of the 31st ASEAN Summit in November 2017.



  • HKC was ASEAN's seventh largest trading partner in 2015. As a group, ASEAN was HKC’s second largest trading partner in 2015, after China. Total merchandise trade between ASEAN and HKC amounted to HKD823.3 billion (USD106.1 billion), representing 10.8% of HKC’s global merchandise trade in 2015 and registering an annual average growth rate of 3.2% per annum between 2011 and 2015.

  • Since China launched its economic reform and "open door" policies in 1978, HKC has become the premier gateway into and out of Mainland China for international trade and investment across Asia and the world, including ASEAN.

  • To date, there are more than 500 ASEAN companies in HKC, including regional headquarters, regional offices and local offices. They account for 6.6% of the total number of foreign companies in HKC.

  • HKC and Malaysia signed a Joint Declaration on Strengthening Economic Co-operation on 1 December 2009. The Joint Declaration is aimed at encouraging and promoting bilateral economic co-operation in a number of areas.

  • In 2016, Malaysia’s total merchandise trade with HKC increased by 4.0% to USD12.13 billion (RM50.31 billion) compared with 2015. Total merchandise exports increased by 2.1% to USD9.08 billion (RM37.64 billion), while imports grew 9.9% to USD3.05 billion (RM12.67 billion) from 2015.

*Growth rates were calculated based on RM to reflect accuracy.

  • HKC was Malaysia’s ninth largest trading partner, sixth largest export destination and 13th largest source of imports in 2016. This clearly shows that HKC is a major trading partner for Malaysia.

  • With the conclusion of the AHKFTA and the Belt and Road Initiative, Malaysia’s trade with HKC will be further strengthened especially in terms of exports to HKC. Malaysia will also benefit from HKC’s expertise in the services sector and be able to tap on its best practices thus improving on the delivery of the local services industry players.



  • All queries and further clarification regarding AHKFTA should be forwarded to allasean@miti.gov.my.

  • The AHKFTA focal point is:

Siti Nur Ramizah Abd Razak
ASEAN Economic Integration Division
Telephone: +603-6200 0387
E-mail: ramizah.razak@miti.gov.my

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